An intoxicating ingredient found in beer, wine, and liquor is ethyl alcohol, or ethanol. The fermentation of yeast, sugars, and starches is what produces alcohol. A standard drink is 0.6 ounces of pure ethanol, 12 ounces of beer, 8 ounces of malt liquor, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces (known as a “shot”) of 80-proof distilled spirits of liquor (e.g., gin, rum, vodka, or whiskey).
Every organ in the body is affected when consuming an alcoholic beverage. The stomach and small intestine absorb the liquid into the bloodstream. Intoxication can damage brain function as well as motor skills. Therefore, it is illegal to get behind the wheel after drinking. Alcohol abuse is a pattern of drinking that may often times lead to harm of one’s health, interpersonal relationships, and their ability to work. As a result of this abuse, dependence or alcoholism can occur. Alcoholism is a diagnosable disease characterized by a powerful cravings and a continued use even though the impacts bring harm or personal injury. Extreme use can increase certain cancers, stroke, and liver disease. Consuming alcoholic beverages may even have the potential to cause harm to a developing fetus. Overall, the impact can vary from the amount of consumption, frequency of drinking, age, health status, and family history.
AMC offers drug screening that can detect alcohol. A urine drug screen can discover alcohol ethyl that goes back up to 24 hours. Another urine drug screen is an ethyl glucuronide (ETG) test. This test goes back up to 80 hours. AMC does not offer ETG testing for pre-employment screening. However, individuals on probation often times use ETG testing. Through acquiring a drug screening program through AMC, we offer breath alcohol testing as well.
National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.