Benzodiazepines (benzos, sleeping pills, moggies, tranks, candy, goofballs, downers, etc.) are medications used in treating anxiety and sleeping issues because they slow activity in the brain. However, abusing these medications is dangerous. Overuse can cause slurred speech, disorientation, drunken behavior without the odor of alcohol, shallow respiration, cold and clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma, and possible death. Therefore, these drugs are harmful to those in the workplace.
Benzodiazepines are also dangerous because of use as date rape drugs. A commonly used date rape drug is Rohypnol. This drug causes drowsiness, sleep, amnesia, blackout, decreased anxiety, muscle relaxation, impaired reaction time and motor coordination, impaired mental functioning and judgment. Other dangers also include confusion, aggression, excitability, slurred speech, headache, slow breathing, and heart rate. Rohypnol is swallowed as a pill or dissolved in a drink and snorted. Other benzodiazepines may be in pill, capsule, or liquid form. Therefore, this drug is commonly taken by injection or swallowed.
Benzodiazepines are detected in a urine drug screen ranging from 1 to 14 days depending on the specific type of benzodiazepine. AMC Drug Testing offers various drug screening panels covering benzodiazepines. In addition, AMC also offers drug screening programs for companies that want to maintain a safe workplace for their employees.
Common types of benzodiazepines can include: Oxazepam, Nordazepam, Temazepam (Restoril), Flurazepam (Dalmane), Alprazolam (Xanax), Lorazepam (Ativan), Chlordiazepoxide (Librium), Clorazepate (Tranxene), Diazepam (Valium), Halazepam (Paxipam), Medazepam (Nobrium), Prazepam (Centrax), Flunitrazepam, Clonazepam (Klonopin), and Midazolam (Versed).
National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.