20 May 2016
Propoxyphene Tweet This Use may cause dizziness, drowsiness, headaches, euphoria, dysphoria, and asthenia. Dangers of using this drug include skin rash and other allergic reactions occur occasionally that may go along with fever and mucosal lesions, stupor or coma, convulsions, and respiratory depression. Propoxyphene is a narcotic pain reliever. Other side effects include feeling light headed, confusion, jaundice, seizures and blurred vision. Onset with oral ingestion is 20-30 minutes. Peak effects take approximately 1.5-2 hours to arrive. The drug is linked to overdose as well as heart problems. Dextropropoxyphene may be detected in a urine drug screen going back about 1-3 days. AMC Drug Testing offers various drug screening panels covering propoxyphene. AMC also offers drug screening programs for companies as a way to create a safe workplace. Contact AMC at 1-800-339-9993 ext 201 to setup a one-time drug screen or an account for a drug free workplace.
20 May 2016
Phencyclidine Tweet This Phencyclidine (angel dust, boat, hog, love boat, peace pill) is a dissociative drug. Dissociative drugs are a type of hallucinogen that can cause a person to feel detached from reality. PCP, an abbreviation for phencyclidine, was created as an anesthetic. However, the drug is no longer used as a result of unpleasant effects. Short-term effects of use may include delusions, hallucinations, paranoia, trouble thinking, a feeling of distance from one’s surroundings or environment, and anxiety. In low doses, the user may feel a slight increase in breathing, pulse, and also heart rate. In addition, they can encounter shallow breathing, redness in the face and sweating, numbness with the hands or feet, and issues with movement. In high doses, the user can experience low blood pressure, pulse rate, and breathing rate. They may also suffer through nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, eyes flicking up and down, drooling, loss of balance, dizziness, violence, thoughts of suicide, seizures, coma, and even death. More long-term effects with use of PCP involve loss of memory, trouble with speech and thinking, depression, weight loss, and also anxiety. Other dangers of using PCP include unpredictable behavior, mood and perception alteration, flashbacks, possible emotional instability, psychosis, tremors, panic. Phencyclidine may be in the form of liquid capsules, white or brown powder on paper stamps, sugar cubes, cigarettes, joints, or injection paraphernalia. Phencyclidine is detected in a urine drug screen going back 1 to 5 days for occasional use. However, detection may be up to 30 days for someone that uses habitually. PCP is also detected in a hair follicle test going back up to 90 days. AMC Drug Testing offers multiple drug screening panels covering PCP, including urine drug screens and hair follicle tests. In addition, AMC offers drug screening programs for companies who wish to maintain the safest workplace possible. National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
20 May 2016
Tweet This Benzodiazepines (benzos, sleeping pills, moggies, tranks, candy, goofballs, downers, etc.) are medications used in treating anxiety and sleeping issues because they slow activity in the brain. However, abusing these medications is dangerous. Overuse can cause slurred speech, disorientation, drunken behavior without the odor of alcohol, shallow respiration, cold and clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma, and possible death. Therefore, these drugs are harmful to those in the workplace. Benzodiazepines are also dangerous because of use as date rape drugs. A commonly used date rape drug is Rohypnol. This drug causes drowsiness, sleep, amnesia, blackout, decreased anxiety, muscle relaxation, impaired reaction time and motor coordination, impaired mental functioning and judgment. Other dangers also include confusion, aggression, excitability, slurred speech, headache, slow breathing, and heart rate. Rohypnol is swallowed as a pill or dissolved in a drink and snorted. Other benzodiazepines may be in pill, capsule, or liquid form. Therefore, this drug is commonly taken by injection or swallowed. Benzodiazepines are detected in a urine drug screen ranging from 1 to 14 days depending on the specific type of benzodiazepine. AMC Drug Testing offers various drug screening panels covering benzodiazepines. In addition, AMC also offers drug screening programs for companies that want to maintain a safe workplace for their employees. Common types of benzodiazepines can include: Oxazepam, Nordazepam, Temazepam (Restoril), Flurazepam (Dalmane), Alprazolam (Xanax), Lorazepam (Ativan), Chlordiazepoxide (Librium), Clorazepate (Tranxene), Diazepam (Valium), Halazepam (Paxipam), Medazepam (Nobrium), Prazepam (Centrax), Flunitrazepam, Clonazepam (Klonopin), and Midazolam (Versed). National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
20 May 2016
Tweet This Barbiturates are medications that slow activity in the brain. This is useful in treating anxiety and sleep issues. Theses drugs can be in pill, capsule, and liquid form. Therefore, this type of prescription is commonly taken through injection or swallowed. Common types of barbiturates include pentobarbital (Nembutal) and phenobarbital (Luminal). This type of prescription sedative is also referred to as barbs, phennies, downers, yellowjackets, red birds, tooies, reds, rainbows, etc. Unfortunately, these medications can be abused and not used for their intended purpose. Abusing barbiturates can lead to depression, decreased alertness, problems with memory, and one to become emotionally unstable. More physical symptoms of abuse include lack of muscle control, intoxication and slurred speech, problems with movement, and rigidity and painful muscle contraction. One may also experience cold and clammy skin. The overuse of these drugs can lead to overdose and even death. Death is especially likely when these medications are mixed with alcohol as this causes heart rate and breathing to slow down. Furthermore, withdrawal can be dangerous in causing a serious abstinence syndrome that may even include seizures. Overall, abusing this drug can lead one on a dangerous path. Due to the harmful effects that come along with abusing barbiturates, drug screening potential employees is essential in creating a safe workplace. Barbiturates are detected in a urine drug screen going back about 1-3 days. However, phenobarbital can be detected in a urine drug screen going back about 1-3 weeks. AMC Drug Testing offers various drug screening panels covering barbiturates. AMC also offers drug screening programs for companies as a way to create a productive workplace. National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
18 May 2016
Tweet This Opioids are a class of drugs that include strong pain relievers available by prescription. Some of these opioids are oxycodone (OxyContin), hydrocodone (Vicodin, Lortab), hydromorphone (Dilaudid, Exalgo, Palladone), codeine, fentanyl, morphine and many others. Opioids are considered safe when taken as directed by a doctor and for a short amount of time. However, even regular use prescribed by a doctor may produce dependence. The misuse of opiates can be hazardous inside and outside of the workplace due to the effects of the drug. Opiates may cause insensitivity to pain, drowsiness, euphoria, confusion, sedation, nausea, vomiting, constipation, itchiness, watery eyes, running nose, weight loss, slow and shallow breathing, and even death. Withdrawal symptoms from overuse include restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, cold flashes with goose bumps, and leg movements. Unfortunately, prescription opiates are easily and often misused. This is a result of the drug producing feelings of euphoria as well as pain relief. Misuse occurs when the drug is being taken in a different way than it is intended, taken in a greater quantity than what is prescribed by a doctor, or when taken without a prescription authorized by a doctor. People abusing prescription opioids are also turning to heroin as an alternative as it may be cheaper and more accessible. Opioid addiction and misuse is a significant problem in the United States. Anyone can misuse or abuse a prescription for opioids. AMC offers multiple drug screening panels to cover opiates. A urine drug screen can detect opiates going back 1-3 days and up to 90 days in a hair follicle test. AMC also offers drug screening programs as a way to ensure the safest workplace possible. National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
19 February 2016
Tweet This MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine) is a synthetic, psychoactive drug that is similar to the stimulant amphetamine. Ecstasy also has similarities to the hallucinogen mescaline. MDMA is also referred to as ecstasy. More recently the drug is known as Molly. Ecstasy can be taken orally as a capsule or tablet. Molly (slang for “molecular”) refers to the pure crystalline powder form of MDMA. It is a capsule or powder when sold. MDMA is often abused in combination with other drugs. The effects of ecstasy typically last between 3-6 hours. Unfortunately, this timeline is long enough to impair an individual at work. MDMA increases the activity of three neurotransmitters: serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine. Therefore, taking the drug can cause feelings of increased energy, euphoria, emotional warmth, and empathy towards others. Distortions in sensory and time perception are also common. Furthermore, extreme use can cause users to experience long-lasting confusion, depression, sleep abnormalities, and issues with attention and memory. Other physical effects include an increased heart rate, blood pressure, muscle tension, involuntary teeth clenching, nausea, blurred vision, faintness, chills or sweating. If taken in high doses it has the potential to hinder the ability to regulate body temperature. It can lead to an increase in body temperature. Rise in body temperature may result in damage to liver, kidney or cardiovascular systems failure, even death. Users of MDMA can become a burden in the workplace and cost your company greatly. AMC provides multiple drug screening panels for MDMA. The Department of Transportation (DOT) drug testing panel includes MDMA. AMC also offers a drug screen to mimic the DOT drug testing panel. A non-DOT NIDA Look-A-Like test mirrors the DOT panel. AMC offers drug screening programs for drug-free workplace as well as Department of Transportation programs. National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
03 February 2016
Alcohol Tweet This An intoxicating ingredient found in beer, wine, and liquor is ethyl alcohol, or ethanol. The fermentation of yeast, sugars, and starches is what produces alcohol. A standard drink is 0.6 ounces of pure ethanol, 12 ounces of beer, 8 ounces of malt liquor, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces (known as a “shot”) of 80-proof distilled spirits of liquor (e.g., gin, rum, vodka, or whiskey). Every organ in the body is affected when consuming an alcoholic beverage. The stomach and small intestine absorb the liquid into the bloodstream. Intoxication can damage brain function as well as motor skills. Therefore, it is illegal to get behind the wheel after drinking. Alcohol abuse is a pattern of drinking that may often times lead to harm of one’s health, interpersonal relationships, and their ability to work. As a result of this abuse, dependence or alcoholism can occur. Alcoholism is a diagnosable disease characterized by a powerful cravings and a continued use even though the impacts bring harm or personal injury. Extreme use can increase certain cancers, stroke, and liver disease. Consuming alcoholic beverages may even have the potential to cause harm to a developing fetus. Overall, the impact can vary from the amount of consumption, frequency of drinking, age, health status, and family history. AMC offers drug screening that can detect alcohol. A urine drug screen can discover alcohol ethyl that goes back up to 24 hours. Another urine drug screen is an ethyl glucuronide (ETG) test. This test goes back up to 80 hours. AMC does not offer ETG testing for pre-employment screening. However, individuals on probation often times use ETG testing. Through acquiring a drug screening program through AMC, we offer breath alcohol testing as well. National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
13 January 2016
Tobacco and Nicotine Tweet This The use of tobacco (cigarettes, cigars, snuff, etc.) is the leading preventable cause of disease, disability, and death in the United States. Smoking cigarettes ends in more than 480,000 deaths in the United States each year (about 1 in every 5 deaths) according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cigarette smoking accounts for roughly one-third of all cancers. About 90% of lung cancers are attributed to cigarettes. An additional 16 million people suffer from other lung diseases such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The risk of heart disease, vascular disease, and aneurysm increases as well. Non-smokers may also reap the consequences of smokers because of the harmful impacts of secondhand smoke. Exposure to secondhand smoke causes serious disease as well as death. Every year, about 88 million nonsmokers in the United States are exposed to secondhand smoke and about 41,000 die from diseases caused by exposure. Tobacco includes the addictive drug nicotine or cotinine. Cotinine is the predominant metabolite of nicotine. As nicotine enters the bloodstream, it stimulates the adrenal gland immediately to release the hormone epinephrine (adrenaline). As a result, this stimulates the central nervous system and in turn increases blood pressure, respiration, and heart rate. It also increases levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine, affecting the brain pathways that control reward and pleasure. As individuals continue using nicotine, long-term brain changes often result in addiction. When an addict attempts to quit, they may experience withdrawal symptoms of irritability, attention difficulties, sleep disturbances, increased appetite, and powerful cravings for tobacco. AMC offers a drug screen that can test for nicotine alone. AMC also works with multiple companies that have decided to include nicotine testing in their drug free workplace program. When your company enrolls in a drug testing program through AMC, you may choose which drugs to include in a drug testing panel to best fit your company. National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
03 December 2015
Heroin Tweet This Heroin – 6-acetylmorphine or 6-AM (smack, brown sugar, skag, junk, black tar, etc.) is one of the most commonly abused drugs in the United States. People abusing prescription opioid pain medications may be turning to heroin as an alternative because it is cheaper and easier to obtain. As a result, around 23 percent of the people that use, end up addicted. The drug is injected, inhaled by snorting or sniffing, or smoked. These methods deliver the drug quickly to the brain. As a result, this leads to a high risk for addiction. Addiction is a chronic relapsing disease caused by changes in the brain and characterized by uncontrollable drug-seeking no matter the consequences. Heroin addicts or users can become a liability in the workplace because use of this drug may impact decision-making skills, the ability to regulate behavior, and responses in stressful situations. When heroin is injected, it may cause an initial euphoria, dry mouth, a warm flushing of the skin, heaviness of extremities, and clouded mental functioning. However, after this initial euphoria, users may rotate from a wakeful to drowsy state. Other serious health conditions from heroin abuse may include spontaneous abortion, infectious diseases like hepatitis and HIV, collapsed veins, infection of heart lining and valves, abscesses, constipation and gastrointestinal cramping, liver or kidney disease, and even fatal overdose. Overdoses can involve the stoppage of breathing and affect the amount of oxygen that extends to the brain. This is known as hypoxia. This can lead to psychological and neurological effects such as a coma and permanent brain damage. Withdrawal symptoms can include restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea and vomiting, cold flashes with goosebumps, and kicking movements. AMC offers multiple drug screening panels to cover opiates which includes heroin. A urine drug screen can detect heroin going back 1-3 days and up to 90 days in a hair follicle test. AMC also offers drug screening programs as a way to ensure the safest workplace possible. National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.