Phencyclidine (angel dust, boat, hog, love boat, peace pill) is a dissociative drug. Dissociative drugs are a type of hallucinogen that can cause a person to feel detached from reality. PCP, an abbreviation for phencyclidine, was created as an anesthetic. However, the drug is no longer used as a result of unpleasant effects.
Short-term effects of use may include delusions, hallucinations, paranoia, trouble thinking, a feeling of distance from one’s surroundings or environment, and anxiety. In low doses, the user may feel a slight increase in breathing, pulse, and also heart rate. In addition, they can encounter shallow breathing, redness in the face and sweating, numbness with the hands or feet, and issues with movement. In high doses, the user can experience low blood pressure, pulse rate, and breathing rate. They may also suffer through nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, eyes flicking up and down, drooling, loss of balance, dizziness, violence, thoughts of suicide, seizures, coma, and even death.
More long-term effects with use of PCP involve loss of memory, trouble with speech and thinking, depression, weight loss, and also anxiety. Other dangers of using PCP include unpredictable behavior, mood and perception alteration, flashbacks, possible emotional instability, psychosis, tremors, panic. Phencyclidine may be in the form of liquid capsules, white or brown powder on paper stamps, sugar cubes, cigarettes, joints, or injection paraphernalia.
Phencyclidine is detected in a urine drug screen going back 1 to 5 days for occasional use. However, detection may be up to 30 days for someone that uses habitually. PCP is also detected in a hair follicle test going back up to 90 days. AMC Drug Testing offers multiple drug screening panels covering PCP, including urine drug screens and hair follicle tests. In addition, AMC offers drug screening programs for companies who wish to maintain the safest workplace possible.
National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.